Urologists are professionally trained, highly qualified, and certified urology specialists. They deal with various urologic diseases and conditions such as kidney and ureteral stones, urinary tract infections, overactive bladder, etc. Apart from this, they also deal with male reproductive organs or male fertility.
Basically, they specialize in the genitourinary tract. That means they deal with any human organs that come under this umbrella. Those organs include kidneys, urinary bladder, adrenal glands, urethra, and male reproductive organs.
The word “Urologist” comes from the term “Urology.” It is a branch of healthcare that focuses on both men’s and women’s urinary tract systems (a human body mechanism that acts as drainage and responsible for filtration and carrying of urine out of the human body) and men’s reproductive system. The diseases such as kidney stones, prostate cancer, bladder cancer, hematuria, prostatitis, urinary tract infections, overactive bladder, erectile dysfunction, early ejaculation, delayed ejaculation, and other sexual disorders come under this umbrella.
Let’s take an overview of the most common urologic diseases and conditions that a urologist deals with.
A Few Most Common Urologic Diseases
Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)
Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) are one of the most common urologic diseases. In this disease, infection occurs in any part of the human body’s urinary tract system. It can occur in the kidneys, bladder, and urethra.
Normally, UTIs occur due to pathogenic bacterias or viruses that invade the urinary tract. According to medical experts and the best urologist Singapore, it is more common in women than in men. However, men can also occur with a UTI.
The noticeable symptoms of Urinary Tract Infections are pelvic pain, frequent urination or increased urge to urinate, pain while urinating, blood in urine, and pain in the lower area of the abdomen.
Apart from this, patients may experience the followings:
- Back pain
- Vomiting and fever
- Pain during having sexual intercourse
- Dark urine
- Foul smell urine
- Cloudy urine
- Vaginal irritation
Whenever you experience these symptoms in your body, it may be Urinary Tract Infections. Therefore, you should immediately take action by booking an appointment with a certified and highly-qualified urologist near your locality. If you neglect these symptoms considering a minor problem, you can be in your worst health condition in the near future. So, you should not neglect these symptoms.
Kidney Stone or Ureteral Stone
A kidney stone is another very common urologic disease. It is found almost in all ages of people. Even it can be found in infants. However, it is two times more common in men and teens than in women, children, and old people.
A kidney stone is a hard deposit of minerals and acid salts that form inside the kidneys. It develops when urine becomes concentrated and allows minerals to turn crystals and stick together. It can be very painful for the patient, especially when the small particles of stones pass through the urinary tract while urinating.
Although kidney stones do not have definite causes, they occur when the urine contains more crystal-forming substances such as calcium, oxalate, and uric acid and when the urine lacks those substances that stop crystals from collecting together. However, the following may cause kidney stones.
- Lack of water in the body
- Eating too much high in oxalate foods such as Spinach, Rhubarb, Grits, Bran cereal
- Consuming too much animal protein (red meat and shellfish)
- Increased sodium in the body
- Consuming certain antibiotics and drugs
- Certain medical conditions and genetic diseases such as obesity and medullary sponge kidney
A few most common noticeable symptoms of kidney stones are as follows:
- Severe pain, in the sides of the abdomen and sometimes, in the groin
- Men may have pain in the testicles
- Weaving pain (pain that comes and goes in short intervals)
- Urine infection
- Pain while urinating
- Blood in pain
- Frequent urination
- Vomiting and feeling sick
Wherever you notice these signs and symptoms in your body, it may be kidney stones or other urologic problems. Therefore, you should not ignore these symptoms. You must contact a trusted urologist right away to book an appointment for a medical assessment of your urinary tract.
Urinary incontinence is also known as loss of bladder control. It is a urologic condition where a patient loses control of his/her urination. In this disease, the patient may occasionally leak urine during or after sneezing, coughing, and laughing unwillingly.
This is considered a very inconvenient and embarrassing urologic problem. According to medical experts and urologists, this urologic condition is more common in old people than in teens and young blood.
Some everyday habits, underlying medical conditions, and weak bladder muscles can cause urinary incontinence. Apart from this, the following may cause urinary incontinence:
- Consuming alcohol-containing drinks
- Consuming caffeine
- Carbonated drinks
- Overactive bladder
- Enlarged prostate
- Urinary tract infections
The symptoms of urinary incontinence are minor to moderate leaks of urine during coughing, laughing, and sneezing, and a complete inability to control urination.
If you notice these symptoms in your body or in your elders that are in relation to you, contact a certified and experienced urologist near you and book an appointment for a medical assessment of the bladder
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) is also known as prostate gland enlargement. As the name suggests, it is a medical condition where the size of the prostate gland increases. This is more common in aged men.
This urologic disease occurs when the cells of the prostate gland start multiplying in numbers. The increased number of cells leads to swelling in the prostate gland, which further squeezes the urethra and limits the flow of urine. This urologic condition may create certain difficulties in urination and in the urinary tract system.
Sometimes, this urologic disease is associated with prostate cancer, while it has no any connection and relation with prostate cancer. This is neither like prostate cancer nor this leads to prostate cancer. However, in some cases, it can lead to bladder stones, infection, and improper kidney functionalities.
The causes of BPH are unknown. However, urologists and medical experts believe that changes in male sex hormones with aging may be a factor for this. Apart from this, it can be due to genetics.
The most common noticeable symptoms of BPH are:
- Dribbling after urination
- Pain while urinating
- Blood in urine
- Leaking of urine
- Excessive urination at night
- Frequent urination
Whenever you notice these symptoms in your body, it may be Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) or Prostate Gland Enlargement. You should immediately meet a urologist as he/she can identify the disease and treat it.
Diseases Related to Men’s Reproductive System
Erectile Dysfunction is also called “Impotence.” It is a very serious sexual disease that leads to several physical, mental, and personal problems.
It is a condition where men struggle to get or sustain an erection in their penis firm enough for performing sexual intercourse. It is a very common disease in men.
It can occur due to either physical weakness or different psychological conditions. If it occurs due to certain psychological conditions, it can be easily treated with good consultation. On the other hand, if it occurs due to physical weakness, treatments can be a little complex.
It can result in stress, depression, relationship strain, and low confidence.
If you experience this sexual disorder, you must meet a urologist as soon as possible. He/she will first do a medical assessment for determining if there is any underlying physical and psychological condition. Then based on the outcomes of the medical assessment, he/she will treat your erectile dysfunction.
Early Ejaculation and Delayed Ejaculation
Early ejaculation (premature ejaculation) is a condition where men ejaculate the semen right after the foreplay or seductive moment or right after starting intercourse with their female partners. While delayed ejaculation is the opposite condition of early ejaculation. In this condition, men struggle to ejaculate or reach the climax of orgasm.
Both of these sexual disorders are serious conditions. They can result in stress, depression, and relationship strain. Therefore, these sexual disorders must be treated as soon as possible.
If you notice yourself in early ejaculation or delayed ejaculation condition, you should meet a urologist. He/she can help you recover from these sexual disorders.
Vasectomy is a surgical procedure that aims at male sterilization or permanent contraception. It is a process of cutting and tying or sealing the male vasa deferentia to prevent sperm from entering into the urethra. This process prevents the fertilization of a female through sexual intercourse. However, this does not mean that men cannot reach the climax of orgasm while having intercourse with their partners. They can, but they will not ejaculate the sperm inside their partner with semen.
As a man or a married couple, if you want not to have a child for a certain period of time or for a lifetime, but want to enjoy sexual intercourse, Vasectomy is a good option.
For this surgical treatment, you should contact a urologist as urologists are specialized in this surgical treatment.
So, these are some of the most common urologic diseases and conditions that a urologist deals with. If you think you may be victimized by any of these diseases and conditions, you meet a certified urologist immediately.